The five-year average for corn planted in Arkansas is 670,000 acres, resulting in a 2% loss of land at harvest. Corn is typically planted in early to late March, and it is the first crop planted by Arkansas farmers.
Corn is largely utilized for chicken feed in Arkansas, as we are the second largest poultry producer in the country. Approximately 70% of all maize farmed in Arkansas is used in poultry feed mills, with the other 30% going to a river terminal on the Arkansas or Mississippi River for export.
Corn Facts from Arkansas
- Farmers in Arkansas cultivated 760,000 acres of corn in 2016.
- In 2015, the anticipated value of corn and grain sorghum produced was $296 million, a decrease of more than 20% from 2014.
- In 2013, Arkansas corn growers planted 1 million acres, the most since 1951, when 1.05 million acres were planted.
- Corn acreage has been steadily rising for the past 15 years, owing to its higher profit potential than other crops. The decline in cotton acres has accounted for the majority of Arkansas’ gain in maize acreage.
- Irrigated corn accounts for around 90% of Arkansas corn production.
- Although much of Arkansas’ corn is exported across the Mississippi River, a growing amount is used by Arkansas-based poultry feed factories. Corn grown more than 35 miles from a river port is brought to a feed mill, according to the basic norm.
- Irrigation and good management have resulted in increased yields throughout time. In 2013, the state average production was established at 187 bu/acre, breaking the previous record of 178 bu/acre set in 2012.
- In 2013, farmers in Arkansas harvested 855,000 acres of corn. Corn is normally sown in the months of March and April and harvested in the months of August and September.
Facts about Arkansas grain sorghum
Sorghum is a drought-resistant crop that grows well on both irrigated and dryland farms. The Mississippi River Delta region of Eastern Arkansas produces nearly all of the grain sorghum planted in the state.
The Mississippi River transports a large portion of the grain sorghum farmed in Arkansas. In most cases, grain sorghum is planted in May and harvested in September.
In the spring, as you may have anticipated, you must pay great attention to your local weather. You’ll need to keep an eye out for when the last frost occurs.
In general, if there hasn’t been a frost in Arkansas for two weeks, it is SAFE to grow corn outside!
When Should Corn Seeds Be Started Indoors?
Corn takes 25-30 days to develop from seed inside and then transplant to your garden, depending on the type of corn.
If you want to plant corn seeds indoors on a specified date, you should:
- The last average frost date
- Subtract 30 days from the total
Not only that, but I strongly advise you to pay great attention to your local weather forecast.
It’s also worth noting that the best way to get your corn plants outside is to put them outside for an hour in their pots. Then, each day, increase the amount of time they spend outside by an hour until they have spent 8 hours outside.
This will “harden” your corn plant, making it more resistant to diseases, insects, droughts, and wet weather.
What is the best way to plant corn?
- Moisten the seeds, wrap them in moist paper towels, and keep them in a plastic bag for 24 hours to speed up germination.
- Sow seeds in rows 30 to 36 inches apart, 112 to 2 inches deep and 4 to 6 inches apart.
- Corn is designed to grow quickly, so you can fertilize with a 10-10-10 fertilizer at planting time. This step might be bypassed if you are sure in the soil’s quality.
- When it’s time to plant, make sure to give it plenty of water.
What is the best way to corn grow?
Thin the immature corn plants when they are 3 to 4 inches tall, spacing them 8 to 12 inches apart.
When weeding around the corn plants, be careful not to injure the roots.
Corn has short roots and can be strained by drought, so keep it properly watered. An inch of rain each week is sufficient; if the weather is particularly hot or your soil is sandy, you may need to water more frequently.
When corn is 8 inches tall, side-dress with a high-nitrogen fertilizer. When it reaches knee height, repeat the process (18 inches).
Mulch aids in the reduction of evaporation.
Mound soil at the base of 12-inch-tall plants to keep stalks straight during severe winds.
Tillers, also known as suckers, are secondary shoots that appear low on the stalk later in the season. They have no negative impact on the main stalk.
How Do You Pick Corn?
Corn matures more quickly when the air temperature rises. It normally ripens 15 to 23 days after silking, but it may ripen sooner if temperatures are unusually high.
Tassels should turn brown and kernels should be full and milky. Ears should be rounded or blunt, not pointed. Pull back some husk and pierce a kernel with your fingernail to see whether it’s good. It’s ready if it’s white or milky. Sweet corn is only at its peak for one to two days in hot weather (above 85°F/29°C), so check it periodically. Corn plucked a few days after it has reached the milk stage will be less sweet.
To remove the stalk, pull the ears downward and twist.
Sugary (su) cultivars lose their sweetness quickly after harvesting, so utilize them right after.
Immediately after picking, prepare for eating or preserving.
If immature corn plants and cobs are harmed by a late-season frost, the plants and cobs can be damaged, resulting in the plant’s death or poor-tasting corn.
How Should Corn Be Stored?
Sweet corn freezes well, particularly if the ears are removed before freezing. Learn how to freeze corn effectively.
Corn can be used for a variety of applications!
Note to self: start cooking!
If a soup or stew has too much hot pepper or spice, adding a can of sweet corn can assist.
If you have any leftover popcorn kernels, they make a great snack. Here’s how to create your own popcorn.
1. Is it too late in Arkansas to sow corn?
Early planting can be beneficial in some years, but our research has shown that there is a 6-week planting window from mid-March to late-April when yields are still optimal.
2. When is the best time to sow corn?
Planting dates between April 5 and May 5 produced the maximum yields. Planting too early (between March 20 and April 5) or too late (between May 5 and May 20) resulted in lower yields.
3. Which week is the best for planting corn?
What exactly is this? Corn, on the other hand, is extremely susceptible to frost and will not germinate well in the cold. As a result, it’s preferable to plant it two to three weeks after spring’s final frost.
4. Is it possible to grow corn this late in the season?
As a result, maize growers should not hesitate to plant through May 15 in the hopes of achieving their full production potential. However, after May 15, a number of factors start to have an adverse effect on corn output. First, the shorter time between planting and silking has a significant impact on production.
5. What is the minimum depth of soil required for corn?
In conclusion, corn should never be planted less than 1.5 inches deep; 1.75 to 2.25 inches is optimal, but depending on soil type and conditions, corn can be planted up to 3 inches deep without affecting stand establishment.
Sweet corn is an annual crop that yields yellow, white, or bi-colored kernels in the form of ears. Corn requires a long, frost-free growing season to thrive. Here’s how to grow, plant, and harvest corn in your own backyard!
And this article booksinbloom.org will help you answer queries around the question: When to plant corn in arkansas?
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