Turnip greens are a breeze to cultivate, particularly in the fall. Turnip greens become crisper and sweeter as the evenings become longer and cooler. Best of all, each plucking will result in a new flush of delicate leaves, with plants continuing productive at least until the first cold freeze, if not longer.
They bloom in the spring as well, but be sure to plant them early. Turnip plants develop blooms and seeds instead of new leaves as the days lengthen. In areas where spring gets very rapidly, a few days of bright sun can also make the greens taste harsh and bitter.
When Should You Plant Turnips?
- Sow turnip seeds about 2 to 3 weeks before the typical last spring frost date for a late spring yield.
- Sow turnips in late summer following summer harvests of onions, squash, beans, or sweet corn for an autumn harvest.
- Sow seeds in early October for a later autumn crop.
How to Grow Turnip Greens in a Hurry?
- Plant turnip greens in the fall from late August to October, and in the spring from 2 to 4 weeks before the last frost.
- In healthy, well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.8, space these easy-to-grow greens 6 inches apart.
- Mix in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic materials to help your local soil.
- To produce tasty, sensitive leaves, leafy vegetables require constant watering; use a soaker hose or drip irrigation to keep plants happy and hydrated.
- Give turnip greens a water-soluble fertilizer on a regular basis to keep them healthy.
- Harvest turnip greens when evening temps are in the 40s or below for the finest flavor.
After 40 to 55 days, turnips are ready to harvest. When harvesting the leaves, wait till they reach a height of 4-6 inches. If you’re only going to harvest the leaves, cut them off the plant when they reach the correct size, leaving 1 inch of leaves above the plant’s crown. In their place, more leaves will sprout.
Planting, Soil, and Maintenance
Turnip greens can be grown in any well-drained soil with ease. In most locations, turnip green plants should be planted 2 to 4 weeks before the last frost in the spring and from late August to October for an autumn yield. They can be planted all through the fall and winter in zones 9 and 10.
Turnip greens, like collards, kale, and other greens, need to grow quickly in order to yield lovely, soft leaves. They aren’t picky about soil, growing well in a pH range of 5.5 to 6.8 and even surviving in poor sandy soil. To improve soil texture and nutrition, you should enrich the ground with compost or aged compost-enriched Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics®All Purpose In-Ground Soil before planting.
Plants should be spaced 6 inches apart, and seedlings should not be thinned or separated if there are several in the container. Turnip greens don’t mind growing in little bunches as long as each one has plenty of room to move about. Despite the fact that they are a turnip variation, don’t expect great roots from crowded plants. They are sown solely for the purpose of producing leaves.
Turnip greens require consistent watering to grow, which is why Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® Edibles Plant Nutrition is recommended. As you harvest leaves, this plant food works in tandem with In-Ground Soil to offer just the correct nutrition to drive even more development.
Turnip-related issues and solutions
The yellowing and withering of older turnip leaves is natural. Taking out older leaves around once a week promotes the plants to produce more greens.
Keep an eye out for aphids or mites on your greens, which may be handled with an insecticidal soap spray. Aphids and mites, on the other hand, can damage your crop. Small flower beetles or other chewing insects will occasionally cause harmless holes on the leaves, but aphids and mites can ruin your harvest.
Harvesting and Keeping
Turnip greens are best eaten when evening temperatures are in the 40s or below, as this brings out the sweetness in the greens. Greens that thrive in hot weather have a strong and bitter flavor, particularly to those who haven’t developed a liking for them. Turnip greens have a stronger flavor than collards. You can pick leaves one at a time or gather large handfuls with a sharp knife. In about 2 to 3 weeks, plants that are cut back approximately 2 inches above the top of the root will sprout a fresh set of fragile leaves.
Make sure to properly wash the greens to remove any soil. The simplest method is to spin the leaves in a wide bowl or clean pail of water until any soil settles to the bottom. Continue until all of the leaves are clean. Keep a large galvanized tub specifically for this use if you have a bumper crop. Greens should be trimmed immediately before cooking, although they can be kept in a plastic bag in the fridge for a few days. Steamed and frozen extras are both options. Along with the greens, any large turnip roots that form can be cooked.
How to Keep Turnips Fresh?
Store in a cool (32° to 38°F), dark spot like a root cellar for up to 3 or 4 months, or in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.
Turnips should be stored in a perforated plastic bag in the refrigerator. It’s critical that the turnips don’t dry out, but they also shouldn’t develop moldy due to excessive moisture.
Peel, wash, and cut into 1/2-inch cubes before freezing. Blanch for 3 minutes, then chill in cold water and drain. Fill containers with the mixture, label them, and place them in the freezer.
Is it possible to grow turnips in hot weather?
The seeds must germinate at 50 degrees Fahrenheit, and the roots grow the greatest toward the end of their development in soil temperatures of 40 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Summer temperatures in temperate Mediterranean climes, on the other hand, are ideal for turnip development.
Is it true that turnips regrow every year?
Even though we treat turnips as annuals, they are hardy biennials. In the second year, they spontaneously blossom and go to seed (bolt). Bolting in the first year can be induced by stress, such as severe temperatures (cold or hot), food deficiency, or a lack of water.
What is the best fertilizer for turnips?
Before and after planting, enrich your soil with nutrient-rich fertilizer to produce the biggest, tastiest turnips in your home garden. Cover 100 square feet of soil with 2 to 4 inches of composted organic matter. Per 100 square feet, apply 2 to 4 cups of all-purpose fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, 10-20-10, or 16-16-8.
Is it possible to consume turnip leaves?
Turnip greens, like kale and broccoli, belong to the cruciferous vegetable family. They are nutrient-dense while being low in calories. The turnip’s root and leaves are both edible, however turnip greens refers to the stem and leafy green portion of the plant.
1. How long do turnips take to grow?
Turnips are rapid and easy to cultivate from seed, taking only six to ten weeks from seed to harvest. They prefer cool, moist soil in a bright, open environment.
2. Do you grow turnips in direct sunlight?
To attain their best potential, turnips require full sun and healthy soil. Choose a location that receives at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight per day and amend the soil with lots of compost. Compost improves soil fertility while also assisting sandy soil in retaining moisture and clay soil in draining quickly. 12th of September, 2021
3. How long do turnips take to germinate?
7–10 working days: At an ideal soil temperature of 65–85° F, germination takes 7–10 days. To harvest roots, thin seedlings to 3–4 inches apart, or leave them crowded if you only want the lush greens. Keep the crop equally hydrated to ensure a quick and tender harvest.
4. What vegetables grow well with turnips?
Turnips Make Wonderful Companions: Interspersed with turnips, squash, tomatoes, celery, cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, beans, onions, garlic, lettuce, Swiss chard, spinach, cauliflower, and radishes all thrive. Turnips and nitrogen-fixing peas are “best friends.”
5. Is it difficult to grow turnips?
Turnips are simple to grow and manage. They grow quickly, are dependable, and require little upkeep. Because plants develop so quickly, fertilizing them once they’re in the ground isn’t necessary. They should thrive as long as the soil is rich in organic matter when the seeds are planted.
All in all, when Should You Plant Turnips? Sow turnip seeds about 2 to 3 weeks before the typical last spring frost date for a late spring yield. Sow turnips in late summer for an autumn harvest. Sow after onions, squash, beans, or sweet corn have been harvested in the summer. You can also sow seeds in the early autumn for a harvest in the late autumn.
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